The PRISM Principles
- Society benefits from the creative output of researchers, clinicians, academics, scholarly publishers and others
engaged in the pursuit of scientific discovery and the distribution of accumulated knowledge.
- Scientific knowledge is sharpened and refined by the system of quality control known as peer review-a process that
has stood the test of time as the best means by which the public's investment and trust in science are
assured through demonstrated academic excellence and scientific integrity.
- Scientific knowledge should incorporate new research as part of the scholarly record based on merit alone-not
tradition, ideology, or political expediency. Society is best served when the pursuit of scientific knowledge takes place
in an environment of intellectual freedom-where objectivity and independence are guaranteed, and where published
expression is protected from governmental or other controls, and is free of censorship or bias.
- Scientific knowledge must be documented and preserved
in perpetuity, free of alteration, political or ideological pressures,
or the threat of uncertain funding.
- Research funding is best spent on new and important
research studies, and should leverage rather than duplicate the
valuable publishing infrastructure built over decades by private sector
publishers working in partnership with the research community.
- Research results should be disseminated as broadly as
possible, accomplished in a way that safeguards scientific integrity
and the sustainability of investments in peer review, dissemination,
archiving, and knowledge preservation. Raw research data should be made
freely available to other researchers and those who funded the original
- Society is best served by sustainable business models
and reasonable copyright protections that provide positive incentives
for publishers to continue innovating in their distribution of
scientific knowledge, investment in peer review, and exploration of
- The free market of scholarly publishing is dynamic and
competitive, responsive to the needs of scholars and scientists, and
balances the interests of all stakeholders in making research widely
available. It encourages publishing innovation and diversity, and
should remain free from government mandates that favor particular